Infertility - AV HOSPITAL


Who is considered an Infertile couple ?

Couple unable to achieve pregnancy after 1 year of regular unprotected intercourse.

What are the causes of Infertility ?

  • Male factors accounts for 30%
  • Female factors accounts for 30%
  • Combined - 30%
  • Unexplained - 30%
What are the causes of Female Infertility?

Ovarian factors : -

  • Effect of age
  • Chronic anovulation- PCOS
  • Central and hypothalamic anovulation
  • Ovarian cysts - endometriosis and others

Tuboperitoneal factors: -

  • Endometriosis
  • Infection
  • Chlamydia trachomatis
  • Gonococci
  • Previous sterilization
  • Uterus: - Myomas
  • Mullerian malformation
  • Polyps
  • Adhesion
  • Cervix: -

    • Anatomical distortion
    • Thin cervical channel
    • Iatrogenic (Conization)
    • Infections
    • Immunologic

    Immunologic factors: -

    • Male
    • - Serum
      - Semen
      - Sperm

    • Female
    • - Serum
      - Vaginal and cervical secretions
      - Follicular fluid

    Unexplained :-

    • Abnormal tubal function
    • Failed fertilization
    • Poor embryo development
    • Failed implantation
    • Others
What are the causes of Male infertility?

What are the treatment options available?

style="text-align: justify;">Infertility may be treated with medicine, surgery, artificial insemination or assisted reproductive technology based on couples test results and other factors.
There are severe grades of severity and its important to establish a prognosis after a work up.
Doctors use the histories of both partners and may run tests such as;

  • Sperm studies
  • ovulation tests,
  • Ultrasonography (USG)
  • Hystero-salpingography (HSG)
  • Laparoscopy (Diagnostic / Operative)
  • Hysteroscopy (Diagnostic /Operative)
Can drugs be given to increase Fertility?

In the form of pills / injections, these release hormones that induce ovulation to boost egg production and make the uterus more receptive to embryo implantation.

What is Artificial insemination or IUI?

Specially prepared (washed) sperm is inserted directly into the uterus through a thin, flexible catheter during IVI, the most common fertility method.
Doctor might recommend that you take fertility drugs as well to increase the changes to fertilization.

What is IVF?

implanted in your uterus and the rest are stored. Multi step process (called a cycle) in which yours eggs are extracted and fertilized with sperm in laboratory. Once embryos develop, one or two are

What is Reproductive surgery?

It is otherwise known as Fertility Enhancing Endoscopic Surgery. Used to correct anatomical abnormalities, i,e septate uterus, subseptate uterus, difficult cannulation, removal of scarring and clear blockages, in either the man or the women.