ENT stands for Ear Nose and Throat, and is also referred to as Oto(rhino)laryngology (ORL). In the UK, the ENT specialty also includes Head and Neck Surgery (HNS). It is a surgical specialty involving the diagnosis, medical and surgical management of diseases affecting these areas.If you are thinking of embarking on a surgical career, ENT is an exciting and challenging option. It is a dynamic and varied specialty with a wide range of skills to master, from routine to highly complex. ENT encompasses a broad range of diseases in patients of all ages, from a baby with airway obstruction, through to an elderly man with throat cancer. The skills needed to manage patients are therefore diverse.